Jammu and Kashmir, India's northernmost state, consists of three regions differing in topography and culture. In the south, Jammu is a transition zone from the Indian plains to the Himalayas. Jammu was the stronghold of Hindu Dogra kings and abounds with popular temples and secluded forest retreats. It includes the city of Jammu, the state's winter capital. The Kashmir Valley, the second region, is a large, fertile, region enclosed by the high snow-capped ridges of the Pir Panjal range to the west and south, and the main Himalaya range to the east. Its population is predominantly Muslim, with a history that can be traced back to the 14th century. It includes the city of Srinagar, the state's summer capital. Ladakh is the northern-most region of the state, with a bleak terrain of barren mountains. Hilltop monasteries make Ladakh one of the best living traditions of Tibetan Buddhism in the world today. Information about Jammu and Kashmir.
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